Tomatoes are a benefits type of fruit that are in the same family as eggplants. They have different colors, sizes, and characteristics according to each species. But the most popular variety to eat is the Sita tomato. and cherry tomatoes Tomatoes are rich in nutrients that are beneficial to the body. Especially vitamin C and lycopene, which are antioxidants that may help protect cells from free radical damage. And may help reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer as well.
Nutritional value of tomatoes
100 grams of tomatoes may have the following nutritional values:
- Energy 18 kilocalories
- Carbohydrates 3.89 grams
- Fiber 1.2 grams
- Protein 0.88 grams
- Potassium 237 mg
- Vitamin C 13 milligrams.
In addition, tomatoes are rich in lycopene. which is a compound in the carotenoid group (Carotenoid) is an antioxidant that may help protect cells from deterioration due to free radicals. It may also help reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. or cancer
Benefits of tomatoes
- Good for skin health
Tomatoes are rich in vitamin C. Which may help in maintaining better skin health. From research published in the journal Nutrients in 2017 on the role of vitamin C in skin health, it was found that vitamin C plays an important role in creating collagen. A type of protein that plays an important role in strengthening skin health. Helps the โปรโมชั่น ufabet skin maintain its elasticity. And may help prevent premature aging.
Tomatoes also contain lycopene. This is an antioxidant that may help protect the skin from UV rays in the sun. From a study published in The Journal of Nutrition in 2001 that studied the effectiveness of eating tomatoes to prevent red rashes caused by sunlight. By doing an experiment Test participants ate 40 grams of concentrated ketchup per day for 10 weeks and experienced a 40% reduction in redness compared to those who did not eat concentrated ketchup.
- Helps reduce the risk of heart disease.
Antioxidants such as lycopene and vitamin C may help reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. From the research review report that studies the relationship between tomatoes and cardiovascular health Published in the journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition in 2003, it was found that these antioxidants may help protect the heart’s blood vessels from oxidation that results in cell deterioration.
Tomatoes also contain potassium that may help reduce the amount of bad cholesterol (LDL), helping to regulate the heartbeat to normal. And may help reduce high blood pressure. which is an important risk factor for heart disease and stroke as well
- May help prevent cancer
Lycopene found in tomatoes May help prevent prostate cancer. From studies on the effectiveness of lycopene in inhibiting prostate cancer. Published in the journal Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy in 2020, it was found that lycopene may be able to help inhibit the progression and proliferation of prostate cancer cells. And may help stimulate prostate cancer cells to die more quickly. Therefore, they may be useful in treating or preventing prostate cancer. However, more studies are needed to determine the exact effectiveness of eating tomatoes in preventing prostate or other types of cancer.
Precautions for eating tomatoes
Tomatoes, especially fresh tomatoes They may be contaminated with chemicals and pesticides, so it is best to buy tomatoes from a reliable source. And you should wash and clean tomatoes well every time before eating. You should also avoid eating the leaves of tomatoes. Because it may be toxic to the body. and causes symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, mouth and throat irritation, headaches, and dizziness. It can cause death if eaten in large quantities.
- Patients with kidney disease should be careful when eating tomatoes. This is because tomatoes are high in potassium. Eating too many tomatoes can prevent your kidneys from getting rid of excess potassium. Resulting in an abnormal heartbeat. and may cause a heart attack
- Pregnant and lactating women There is no research showing the dangers of eating tomatoes in pregnant and breastfeeding women. However, tomatoes should be eaten in moderation. And eat food from all 5 food groups so that your body receives complete nutrients.